Usually diabetes is not taken seriously by patients affected by it. But, it can cause various other health problems and if not managed well can lead to several other problems. Diabetic Retinopathy is one such health issue which is directly related to diabetes. In case, you are suffering from type 1 or type 2 diabetes, then you are prone to getting eye related problems and if not treated it can also lead to blindness.
Aakash Healthcare Super Speciality Hospital offers comprehensive treatment in managing your diabetes and also treating diabetic retinopathy. Deteriorating eyesight does not always imply wearing eye glasses; if you are suffering from diabetes then you need to properly manage the sugar levels in your body.
What are the indications of Diabetic Retinopathy?
Diabetes is the first sign that you must consider if you are having some vision problems. Increased blood sugar levels can lead to various anomalies in the body. However, the following symptoms can indicate diabetic retinopathy:
- Dark spots in your vision
- Blurred vision
- Vision loss
- Impaired color vision
What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
Diabetes can pose severe threats to your health; in case of diabetic retinopathy the increased sugar level may lead to blockage in the tiny blood vessels which are connected to retina. Due to the blockage eyes tries to grow new blood vessels on its own. These new blood vessels fail to develop properly and may lead to leakage in the eye which can eventually damage your retina. There are two types of diabetic retinopathy which may affect your eyes:
- Early diabetic retinopathy: In this condition, the walls of blood vessel in retina start to weaken. The tiny bulges sometimes leaks fluid and blood into the retina. This condition is also called Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy or NDPR.
- Advanced diabetic retinopathy:It is a more advanced stage of diabetic retinopathy wherein the blocked blood vessels gets closed off resulting in abnormal growth of new blood vessel. These new blood vessels can leak blood and fluid into your eyes.
The diabetic retinopathy can lead to other eye related problems like glaucoma and in severe cases blindness also.
How is diabetic retinopathy diagnosed?
When you visit an eye specialist, he/she will first ask few questions related to the symptoms you are facing and about your medical history. If your symptoms are indicating towards diabetic retinopathy, the doctor will confirm the same from you. If you are not aware of your increased sugar levels, the doctor will then recommend a blood test to ascertain the type of diabetes you are suffering from. The doctor will also examine your eyes by dilating your wyes with the help of eye drops.
After your pupils get dilated, the doctor will look for signs of abnormal blood vessels, swelling in retina, retinal detachment or any abnormalities in your optic nerve. The doctor will also test your vision and may also conduct fluorescein angiography or optical coherence tomography to ascertain your problem.
Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy
Your doctor will not straight away go for surgical intervention and will try to manage the retinal damage through medicines and eye drops in case of early diabetic retinopathy. However, in case of advanced diabetic retinopathy, the doctor will treat your condition with surgical intervention which is an effective way of treating diabetic retinopathy. At Aakash, we have advanced equipment which helps a surgeon in conducting the surgery safely without any risks. The doctor may go for, following types of surgeries depending on the severity of your condition:
- Vitrectomy: In this procedure, the doctors will remove the blood which might have been released by the abnormal blood vessels in the middle of your eyes. The surgery is conducted through a tiny incision in your eye and can be conducted under local or general anaesthesia.
- Focal Laser Treatment: This laser treatment is a very safe procedure and is conducted within one session only. During the procedure, the doctor will slow the leakage of blood and fluid into the eye through laser burns.
- Scatter Laser Treatment: In this procedure, the abnormal blood vessels are shrunk through laser burns.