Dry eye is a condition where the eyes don't produce enough tears or the right quality of tears to be healthy or comfortable.This leads to the eyes drying out and becoming red, swollen and irritated. It can be cured by a variety of treatments.
The ophthalmology department at Aakash Healthcare Super Speciality Hospitalis committed to give best in class, exhaustive investigative and therapeutic facilities. Our team of highly experienced surgeons, aided by path-breaking technology treats almost every eye care issue, from vision care for premature babies and children to vision difficulties that arise as a result of ageing.
The cause of dry eye can be determined by the following tests and procedures:
- A comprehensive eye exam: An eye exam that includes a complete history of your overall health and your eye health can help your doctor diagnose the cause of your dry eyes.
- Measuring the volume of your tears: Your doctor may measure your tear production using the Schirmer test. In this test, blotting strips of paper are placed under your lower eyelids. After five minutes your doctor measures the amount of strip soaked by your tears.
- Determining the quality of your tears: Other tests use special dyes in eyedrops to determine the surface condition of your eyes. Your doctor looks for staining patterns on the corneas and measures how long it takes before your tears evaporate.
How is dry eye treated?
Usually for occasional or mild dry eye symptoms, it's enough to regularly use over-the-counter eyedrops (artificial tears). If however, your symptoms are persistent and more serious, you have other options. Some treatments focus on reversing or managing a condition or factor that's causing your dry eyes. Other treatments can improve your tear quality or stop your tears from quickly draining away from your eyes.
Prescription medications used to treat dry eyes include:
- Drugs to reduce eyelid inflammation: Inflammation along the edge of your eyelids can keep oil glands from secreting oil into your tears. Antibiotics for dry eyes are usually taken by mouth, though some are used as eyedrops or ointments.
- Eyedrops to control cornea inflammation: Inflammation on the surface of your eyes (cornea) may be controlled with prescription eyedrops.
- Tear-stimulating drugs: Drugs called cholinergics help increase tear production. These drugs are available as pills, gel or eyedrops. Possible side effects include sweating.
Other procedures that may be used to treat dry eyes include:
- Closing your tear ducts to reduce tear loss: The doctor may suggest this treatment to keep your tears from leaving your eye too quickly. This can be done by partially or completely closing your tear ducts, which normally serve to drain tears away. These are removable.
- Using special contact lenses: Some people with severe dry eyes may opt for special contact lenses that protect the surface of your eyes and trap moisture. These are called scleral lenses or bandage lenses.
- Unblocking oil glands: During the treatment, a device that looks like an eyecup is placed over your eye. It delivers a gentle, warm massage to the lower eyelid. The procedure takes less than 15 minutes.
- Using light therapy and eyelid massage: A technique called intense-pulsed light therapy followed by massage of the eyelids helps people with severe dry eyes. In one study, the therapy was given monthly to 78 people, and 68 of them experienced reduced symptoms.
How is one supposed to prepare for the appointment?
- List any symptoms you're experiencing, including any that may seem unrelated to the reason for which you scheduled the appointment.
- List key personal information, including any recent life changes.
- Make a list of all medications, vitamins and supplements that you're taking.
- List questions to ask your doctor.