Pterygium and Pinguecula


Never underestimate the importance of your eyes. Whether you’re looking at a starry sky or steering your car down a curvy road, your eyes are your window to the world, allowing you to experience each moment.

Our eyes, being an organ of vision, help us keep our minds sharp and alert. It is important to maintain your eyesight, so that you may continue to connect with the world and make quick assessments of whatever situation comes your way. Nowadays, good vision is critical and essential to conducting activities of daily living easily. It is important for language, and affects developmental learning, communicating, working, health and quality of life. It is very important to take care of your eyesight. Any discomfort or pain in our eyes, can hamper with our vision, and thus its immediate treatment is essential.

Pinguecula and pterygium are growths on your eye’s conjunctiva, the clear covering over the white part of the eye. Pinguecula is a growth that looks like a yellow spot or bump on the conjunctiva. It often appears on the side of the eye near your nose. A pinguecula is a deposit of protein, fat, or calcium.Pterygium is a growth of fleshy tissue that may start as a pinguecula. It can remain small or grow large enough to cover part of the cornea. When this happens, it can affect your vision.Both pinguecula and pterygium are believed to be caused by a combination of dry eyes and exposure to wind, dust, and ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun. At Aakash, which is equipped with state of the art facilities, we offer the best possible treatment the Personnel Touch of Our Dedicated & Caring Team Elevates the Standard of Health Care Services at Each Step, Quality is Scrutinized & Enhanced in all Aspects of Patient Care. Our highly qualified doctors and well trained service staff make the patient feel at home and thus making Aakash Hospital a name to reckon with.

What are the causes of Pterygium and Pinguecula?

The main cause is almost certainly lifetime sun exposure - UV light. People who live in hot, dry, sunny re-gions and spend a lot of time outdoors have a higher chance of developing a pterygium than others. The risk is also increased by not wearing sunglasses or a sun hat.Sports people such as sailors, surfers and skiers also have a high incidence because of the high levels of reflected UV light they encounter. Pterygia are also more common in areas where there is ozone layer depletion, such as New Zealand.Pterygia usually occur in people aged 20 to 50, and are more common in men, probably due to an increased likelihood of outdoor work environment.

Causes of Pingueculae:

Just like pterygia, pingueculae generally occur between the ages of 20 and 50. They are also thought to be caused by environmental factors, such as climate, dust and UV light.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of pinguecula and pterygium can range from mild to severe. They include:

  • Redness and swelling of the conjunctiva, mostly while the pterygium grows
  • A yellow spot or bump on the white of your eye
  • Dry, itchy, burning eyes. Or feeling like sand or grit is stuck in your eye
  • Blurry vision

How can Pterygium and Pinguecula be treated?

Pinguecula treatment

Drops to lubricate your eyes can help relieve dry eye irritation from pinguecula. They also help relieve that annoying feeling as if you have something in your eye. If pinguecula causes redness and swelling in your eye, your doctor may prescribe steroid eye drops.Usually eye drops can relieve any discomfort from pinguecula, and surgery is usually not recommended or needed

Pterygium treatment

Your ophthalmologist can treat the discomfort, redness or swelling from a pterygium with lubricating or steroid eye drops. If a pterygium grows large enough to cause problems, your ophthalmologist will probably recommend surgery to remove it. Once the pterygium is removed, your surgeon may transplant a thin piece of normal tissue onto the affected area. This technique helps reduce the chance that your pterygium will grow back. The best way to keep pinguecula and pterygium from coming back is to avoid dryness, sunlight and dust.


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