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Squint

 

Eyes are one of the best complimented features on a person’s face. But, sometimes eyes fails to align properly giving an impression of a squint or strabismus. This condition can be a congenital one (from birth) or can occur from various other reasons like any injury.

A person with squint have problem in focusing both the eye lenses at one particular spot. One eye may turn inwards, upwards, downwards or outwards while other remains static at the focused point. This condition can be a temporary one for some while for some it is a permanent problem.

Aakash Healthcare Super Speciality Hospital is known for offering effective treatment for squint. Our team of experts give proper counselling to a patient suffering from squint. Usually, this condition is quite common among young children who have this problem by birth. Squint or strabismus can be cured in children through regressive eye exercises and medicinal treatment.

What is the cause of squint?

Unlike common belief, squint is a general problem and can easily be managed. This may occur due to lack of muscle control over the eye movement. As a result both the eye fails to align in one direction giving the impression of cross-eye or squint. It can also happen due to some disorder in the brain.

What are the different types of Squint problems?

  • Hypertropia: It is a condition where one eye turns upwards while the other remains at the point of focus.
  • Hypotropia:In this condition, one eye turns downwards.
  • Esotropia: While focusing on a point one eye while turn inwards.
  • Exotropia:In some patients, one eye turns outwards.

Is the squint problem treatable?

Unlike popular belief, squint problem is easily treatable at any age. In some cases, the squint is treated after the patient starts wearing eye glasses. However, it is advised that a child with a squint problem should be given immediate attention so that the problem can be sorted on time.

Signs and symptoms of squint

A squint can be detected from the time of birth in children. However, some injury may also lead to non-alignment of eyes. Sometimes, strabismus may also develop later in age.

  • Lazy eye: Squint in children may develop at the age of six months, if not taken care of it may lead to development of amblyopia, or "lazy eye". In this condition the brain starts ignoring input from one of the eyes.The brain ignores one of the eyes to avoid double vision resulting in development of cross-eye.
  • Shortsightedness
  • Farsightedness
  • Astigmatism
  • Hydrocephalus: It is a condition where too much cerebrospinal fluid builds up in and around the brain resulting malfunctioning of eyes.
  • Viral infections

Treatment for Squint

Generally, the cross-eyed problem is diagnosed in a general eye test. It is recommended that parents must get their children tested by an eye-specialist after the age of 9 months or earlier if they themselves discover any problem in the eyes. The doctor will conduct a Hirschberg test, or Hirschberg corneal reflex test, to assess whether the child has strabismus. The doctor may go for following treatment depending on the condition of the child.

  • Glasses: If the squint has occurred due to vision problem (generally farsightedness) then eye glasses will better the problem.
  • Eye drops and eye exercises may help.
  • An interventional surgery will also be recommended in case of severe squint. The surgeon will move the muscle that connects to the eye to a correct position, thereby realigning the eyes and restore binocular vision.

Exercises recommended to correct squint:

  • Hold a pencil at arm's length, around midway between the eyes and concentrate on the pencil while moving it towards nose.
  • The idea is to focus on one single image.
 

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